Top 8 Cognitive Development Activities For Preschoolers (Age 3 to 5)
About Cognitive Development & Preschooler Play
Preschoolers want to learn how things work, and they learn best through play. Children at play are solving problems, creating, experimenting, thinking and learning all the time.
This is why play supports your preschooler’s cognitive development – that is, your child’s ability to think, understand, communicate, remember, imagine and work out what might happen next.
Your child’s relationships also support his cognitive development, especially his relationship with you. And play is a great relationship builder. Therefore; spending time playing with your child sends a simple message – you are important to me. Hence; this will help your child learn about who your kid is and where the kid fits in the world.
What to expect in preschooler cognitive development activities
With time, experience and practice, your toddler ( age 3 to 5 years) will probably:
- Start to organise games and make friends from four years
- Understand concepts like ‘bigger’ and ‘taller’ from four years
- Start to develop a sense of humour at four years and delight in jokes and riddles by five years
- Have some concept of time at four years, and by five understand that the day is divided into hours and minutes
- Start negotiating with you if there’s something she wants
- Start predicting what will happen next – for example, in a story
- Still not understand what’s real and what’s pretend until after five years
Your curious toddler is starting to remember where objects are when you hide them. He/she will develop new language skills and find ways to solve problems. Hence; they even imitate the everyday things that you do, and concentrate on tasks for a long time.
Cognitive Development Activities For Preschoolers
During the foundation building preschool time, your child will begin to engage in more purposeful play. Preschoolers start to form a whole new understanding as they expand their experiences with the world around them.
Preschoolers are eager to learn how the world works hence; the best way for them to learn at this age is through play.
Below are top cognitive development activities for your preschoolers:
1. Identifying Noises
Have your child identify noises that he hears throughout the day i.e. a bird singing, a car horn, running water or the dishwasher. The kid will begin to understand how sounds relate to objects in his everyday environment.
Memory games like go fish or “Concentration” help to develop neuron connections in early learners’ brains and also serve to increase working memory.
Additionally, memory games naturally lend themselves to quiet concentration in early learners, which assists in the development of focus and increased attention span.
3. Imaginary Play or Pretend
Pretend or imaginary play sometimes known as symbolic play, is essential for early learners’ cognitive development of imagination, curiosity, and problem-solving skills.
Additionally, imaginary play assists early learners in developing focus and concentration skills through working with material and thoughts that they are interested in.
However; many adults find it difficult to fully participate in imaginary play with early learners, but there are plenty of great resources available.
4. Practice Counting
Identify opportunities throughout the day to practice counting. Count the number of shoes in your child’s closet when the kid gets dressed or the number of slides on the playground when you go to the park. You may soon find that you’re counting everything.
5. Symbolic Activities
Both parents and caregivers can support preschool cognitive development by playing symbolic games with their children.
Taking part in imaginary play with a preschooler helps them develop their natural curiosity about the world, invokes their problem solving skills therefore; helps develop their focus and attention as well.
6.Sorting and Classifying
Sorting and classifying is one of the first activities early learners participate in that assists them in developing comparison and contrast skills essential for grade school.
Sorting and classifying is particularly important at the early learning stage because it may be one of the last opportunities children have to develop oral skills in comparison and contrast prior to learning to write fluently.
7. Offering Choices & Asking Questions
When you can, offer your child choices: “Would you like to wear the brown shorts or the blue shorts?” or “Would you like string cheese or yogurt with your lunch?” This will help him to feel more independent and learn to make confident decisions that affect his day.
Another way to help your child learn to think for himself is to ask him questions: “Which toy should we pick up first when we clean up the living room? Or “Why is it important to walk down the stairs slowly?” Asking him questions helps him learn how to problem solve and better understand how his environment works.
8. Sequences and Ordering
Sequencing and ordering are essential cognitive skills for early learners and something that even college students struggle with, as they are skills that are needed in both the real world and in school. Sequencing and ordering is probably the first concentrated exposure that early learners have to transition words like “first,” “second,” “then,” and “last.”
Children can participate in story sequencing with pictures, or guessing games with well-known stories like fairy tales.
Register For “Health, Nutrition And Fitness For Kids” Event
Liked what you read? Wish to know more about child nutrition, milestones, cognitive development, health and fitness.
Learn from the expert tips, suggestions from renowned pediatrics of Pune and implement those so that your kids can have a happy, fit and healthy childhood.
Stay tuned for FitaCon’s next event which focuses on health, nutrition, and fitness for kids.
FitaCon upcoming event focuses on ” Health, Nutrition and Fitness For Kids” hence it will be the best of amalgamation of doctors and certified professionals from respective arena offering various tips, guidance and suggestions on health, nutrition and fitness for kids.
Connect with us
Get connected within 24 hours to pre-screened, trustworthy and small business friendly service providers for Services in top Indian cities