Importance Of Immunization Schedule | Childhood Diseases & Vaccination
Millions of kids are saved each day, all thanks because of the awareness to follow immunization schedule. But; to ensure that these scientific miracles do their work, it is important to follow a disciplined schedule.
It is important as a parent to be aware of the various vaccinations your child will receive at different stages of his growth. Each vaccine helps to protect your child against different diseases. While some immunization schedule are mandatory, others are optional.
Understand The Importance Of Immunization Schedule
Still there are parents, who do not follow vaccination schedule strictly.
Young children are at increased risk for infectious diseases because their immune systems have not yet built up the necessary defenses to fight serious infections and diseases. As a result, diseases like whooping cough or pneumococcal disease can be very serious — and even deadly — for infants and young children.
Vaccinations are important hence; they should start early in life to protect children before they are exposed to these diseases.
Which Diseases Does The Compulsory Vaccines Protect Against?
The Government of India and the Indian Academy of Paediatrics (IAP) recommend some vaccinations that are compulsory for every child. FitaCon have listed the vaccines followed by the diseases they protect your child against:
DTaP/DTwP – diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis i.e. whooping cough
Diphtheria mainly affects the throat and spreads when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Symptoms include a sore throat, a high temperature and breathing difficulties. A severe case can cause damage to the heart and nervous system, and even death. DPT or DTP is a must-haves vaccine in your baby’s immunization schedule.
Hepatitis A Vaccine
Hepatitis A is a viral disease of the liver. It spreads through contaminated food or water or through direct contact with an infected person. Some may have no symptoms at all, while others may have mild flu-like symptoms.
Hepatitis B Vaccine
Hepatitis B is a viral disease which causes irritation and inflammation of the liver. It is spread through contact with the body fluids of an infected person. Symptoms may not appear for up to 6 months after the time of infection. Early symptoms may include appetite loss, fatigue, fever, muscle and joint aches, nausea and vomiting, yellow skin and dark urine.
Haemophilus Influenzae Type B Vaccine
This is a bacterial infection which spreads when an infected person sneezes or coughs. It affects the throat, chest and ear. It can also lead to more serious infections like meningitis and pneumonia or throat blockages i.e. epiglottitis
MMR – Measles, Mumps, Rubella
Measles used to be the most common childhood illness before the vaccine was introduced. It is highly infectious, and spreads when a person with measles sneezes or coughs. It starts as a bad cold with fever. A rash appears usually after two days. Measles can lead to bronchitis, bronchiolitis, ear infections, croup, and in rare cases, complications to the nervous system like encephalitis.
OPV (oral polio) and IPV (injectable polio vaccine) – Polio
The polio virus attacks the brain and the spinal cord and can cause paralysis. It is spread by contact with the faeces, mucus or saliva of an infected person. Your child may be offered a combination of both the oral polio drops -OPV and the injectable polio vaccine
Rotavirus Vaccine – Rotavirus
Rotavirus is the leading cause of severe diarrhoea in children, particularly babies between three months and two years of age.
The virus spreads through person-to-person contact, airborne droplets, or contact with contaminated toys. A child infected with the rotavirus suffers from projectile vomiting and very watery diarrhoea, often with fever and abdominal pain.
Typhoid vaccine – Typhoid
Typhoid is a bacterial disease. It spreads when one consumes food or drink contaminated by the faeces or urine of an infected person. Symptoms include high fever, malaise, headache, constipation or diarrhoea, rose-coloured spots on the chest, and enlarged spleen and liver. Your baby can be protected from typhoid with the typhoid vaccine
All medicines, including immunisations, can occasionally cause some mild side-effects. Try not to worry if your baby does have side-effects. They shouldn’t last for long.
After your baby has the DTaP/DTwP, IPV, PCV or the Hib vaccine, you may notice some side-effects. They usually appear within 24 hours of him having the vaccine. Your baby may:
- Have a mild fever
- Have pain, swelling or redness at the site of the injection
- Feel sick, or vomit
- Have diarrhoea
- Feel a bit off-colour
Parent’s Negligence Towards Immunization Schedule
Vaccines are a safe way to prevent people from deadly diseases. However, in recent years, some opponents of vaccination have challenged their safety and effectiveness. There are even some research findings making the rounds that link vaccines to autism. However, there isn’t any valid proof for this proposition. On the contrary, there is proof that vaccines have saved people from dying.
People sometimes avoid vaccinating their children due to such ‘reports’. Some of us are even unaware of the fact that children need to be vaccinated against a specific disease, for instance, seasonal flu. In order to keep our children protected, it is necessary to talk to doctors about the vaccines your child needs as per age.
Register For “Health, Nutrition And Fitness For Kids” Event
Stay tuned for FitaCon’s next event which focuses on health, nutrition, and fitness for kids.
FitaCon upcoming event focuses on ” Health, Nutrition and Fitness For Kids” hence it will be the best of amalgamation of doctors and certified professionals from respective arena offering various tips, guidance and suggestions on health, nutrition and fitness for kids.
Connect with us
Get connected within 24 hours to pre-screened, trustworthy and small business friendly service providers for Services in top Indian cities