Top 8 Must Eat Infant Nutrition Food | Nutritional Needs Of Infants & Toddler(5 yrs)
New parents are subjected to all kinds of contradictory advice about infant nutrition.
Infancy — the first year of life — is a prime time for growth and changes throughout your child’s body.
The expert Pediatrics of Pune conveys that ” Between the ages of two and 12, they are growing fast and need to be fed right”
Children’s bodies are in the business of growing so it is vital that they get the appropriate nutrition they need. But it is not easy, especially as they are going through the being cranky infant to fussy toddler or choosy teenager phases.
How can parents help ensure kids get enough nutrition? By including nutrient rich foods in meals and snacks often and keeping the supplement option in mind. Although supplements are not an equal substitute to food, they may help close the potential nutrient gaps.
Parents are still confused, especially when it comes to what kids eat. How much does your child need? Is he getting enough calcium? Enough iron? Too much fat?
Whether you have a toddler or a teen, nutrition is important to his or her physical and mental development. Here’s what children need — no matter what the age.
Infants / Babies
During this stage of life, it’s almost all about the milk — whether it’s breast milk, formula, or a combination of the two. Breast milk or formula will provide practically every nutrient a baby needs for the first year of life.
At about six months most babies are ready to start solid foods like iron-fortified infant cereal and strained fruits, vegetables, and pureed meats. Because breast milk may not provide enough iron and zinc when babies are around six to nine months, fortified cereals and meats can help breastfed babies in particular.
Toddlers & Preschoolers
Toddlers and preschoolers grow in spurts and their appetites come and go in spurts, so they may eat a whole lot one day and then hardly anything the next. It’s normal, and as long as you offer them a healthy selection, they will get what they need.
Calcium, the body’s building block, is needed to develop strong, healthy bones and teeth. Children may not believe or care that milk “does a body good,” but it is the best source of much-needed calcium.
Still, there’s hope for the milk-allergic, lactose-intolerant, or those who just don’t like milk. Lactose-free milk, soy milk, tofu, sardines, and calcium-fortified orange juices, cereals, waffles, and oatmeal are some calcium-filled options. In some cases, pediatricians may recommend calcium supplements.
Fiber is another important focus. Toddlers start to say “no” more and preschoolers can be especially opinionated about what they eat. The kids may want to stick to the bland, beige, starchy diet like french fries, pizza, pasta but; this is really the time to encourage fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and beans, which all provide fiber.
Not only does fiber prevent heart disease and other conditions, but it also helps aid digestion and prevents constipation, something you and your child will be thankful for.
Weaning Your Baby From Breast Feeding
Breast-feeding has been shown to improve infant, child and maternal health outcomes and help control healthcare costs, but how long should breast-feeding last and when should parents introduce solid infant nutrition foods?
When you choose to wean your baby, introduce either infant formula or cow’s milk, depending on your baby’s age.
If your baby is under 12 months of age, wean from breast milk to iron-fortified infant formula. If your baby is 12 months or older, whole cow milk is appropriate.
When deciding if you should wean your baby to a bottle or a cup, consider the developmental readiness.
Between 4 and 6 months, most infants will drink or suck small amounts of liquid from a cup or a glass when someone else holds it. Older babies and toddlers usually have the coordination to drink fluids from a cup or a straw. However, for infants under 6 months of age, a bottle is the best choice.
Getting Started With Top 8 Infant Nutrition Food Items
1. Vitamin A
It promotes normal growth and development; tissue and bone repair; and healthy skin, eyes, and immune responses. Good sources include milk, cheese, eggs, and yellow-to-orange vegetables like carrots, yams, and squash.
2. Vitamin Bs.
The family of B vitamins — B2, B3, B6, and B12 — aid metabolism, energy production, and healthy circulatory and nervous systems. Good sources include meat, chicken, fish, nuts, eggs, milk, cheese, beans, and soybeans.
3. Citrus fruits
Strawberries, kiwi, tomatoes, and green vegetables like broccoli promotes healthy muscles, connective tissue, and skin.
4. Vitamin D
Good sources include milk and fatty fish like salmon and mackerel. The best source of vitamin D is sunlight. It promotes bone and tooth formation and helps the body absorb calcium.
It helps build strong bones as a child grows. Good sources include milk, cheese, yogurt, tofu, and calcium-fortified orange juice.
Fiber, the non digestible carbohydrate component of plants, helps prevent constipation. It is also a great source prebiotics – perfect food for gut-benefiting probiotic bacteria.
Infants, toddlers especially picky kids are more likely to not be meeting their fiber needs because they are not eating enough whole grains, fruit, vegetables and other fiber rich foods.
Some of the best source of fiber are beans, whole grains, nuts, seeds, fruit and vegetables, berries, bran cereal.
Protein is our bodies’ structural block. Some proteins also function as enzymes, antibodies and hormones. Getting enough protein is extremely important for growing, development and immunity.
The best source of meat, fish, poultry, cheese, yogurt, milk, nuts and seeds, beans, lentils and grains. Try including a good source of protein in each meal and snack your child is eating.
It builds muscle and is essential to healthy red blood cells. Iron deficiency is a risk in adolescence, especially for girls once they begin to menstruate. Good sources include beef and other red meats, turkey, pork, spinach, beans, and prunes.
Got a picky eater and need additional strategies to help them get enough infant nutrition in your toddler? Looking for must-eat infant nutrition food to prepare baby food recipes ? Well, you have come to the right place. From infant to toddler (upto 5 years) we have covered what your little one should have.
Sound infant nutrition plays a role in your child’s learning and development. So, rather than relying on cartoon characters selling supplements, commit to feeding a range of healthy foods to your kids.
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